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Major Causes Of Poverty In Rural Areas

by Javed Pasha
Causes Of Poverty In Rural Areas

Causes Of Poverty In Rural Areas

Many causes of poverty exist in rural areas. Although economic, social, and political factors may all play a part, there are specific issues that can be addressed to create change.

Two primary causes of poverty in rural areas exist; the first is that a vast amount of the world’s population lives outside of urban areas. In less developed countries, most people live in rural, very remote areas with little access to basic services such as clean water, sanitation, electricity and education.

The second cause of poverty is the lack of adequate infrastructure in these rural areas. People who live in rural areas generally have less access to transportation and other facilities that are necessary for efficient market activity.

In many rural areas, limited or no employment opportunities give rise to forced migration to urban communities where more jobs exist and organizations such as CARE are able to provide aid. In 2005, over 1.3 billion people were living on less than $1/day; 80 percent were living in rural areas and 20 percent were living in urban areas. Thus, these two causes compound and interact with one another. 


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Corruption

The poverty in rural areas is very high. This is attributed to corruption and other factors affecting the agriculture sector, which is a major employer in the sector.

Corruption presents the major source of poverty and despair that many people face in rural areas. The existence of this social phenomenon creates injustice, deprivation and mistreatment of people who have been denied many basic civil rights. There is little there that is good or wholesome in these areas.

The poverty level in Africa is at about 47 percent of the total population. The GDP per capita is $846 and per billion of population is only 10 dollars. There are many people that live below the poverty line.

This became a problem because 85% of Africans are living in rural areas  which causes people to have no jobs other than farming and growing crops which can lead to chronic hunger because they make little to no profit off what they grow.

The cause of this problem is corruption in the government and leaders like president Charles Taylor who ruled Liberia from 1997 to 2003 was terminated by the UN peacekeeping mission in 2003.

All this occurred due to his “blood diamonds” scheme where he bought weapons for his own country despite the sanctions placed on him. After Taylor’s regime Liberia had its first democratic elections but corruption still remains an issue.


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Lack Of Good Jobs

Over sixty percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas where unemployment, illiteracy, and poor health are widespread. Villages often have no access to medical care, schools or credit. Revival is needed.

While travel can be exciting, it can also bring about a sense of culture shock if you are not prepared for it. Many places in the world suffer from poverty as a result of lack of good jobs, or as a consequence of the financial crisis and deprivations that followed: unemployment rates have been at historically high levels since 2009, with only a very limited recovery in 2010. As many governments are adopting austerity measures, some countries have seen a rise in poverty.


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Weather/Climate Change

Rural poverty is caused by climate change, and it affects 20.9% percent of people in the world. In some sub-Saharan African countries such as Ethiopia, Sierra Leone, and Tanzania, more than half of their populations are experiencing extreme poverty.

Changes in the climate and weather patterns contributed to an increase in the incidence of poverty across rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa.

A comprehensive report issued by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development stated that these changes were a contributing factor in the increasing numbers of people living in poverty in rural areas, as well as the increasing number of people moving from rural areas to cities.

The United Nations says that one billion people are experiencing poverty as a result of climate change. In some regions, crops will decrease because of less rainfall and in other regions, crops will not be able to grow because of higher temperatures.

As a result, people will suffer from hunger and severe malnutrition, resulting in death. Policies need to be changed so that they focus on helping poor countries adapt to the challenges they face due to climate change.


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Social Injustice

The issue of poverty in rural areas is a recurring topic in the development of theories on economic growth and social justice. The effects of poverty often have long-lasting repercussions for individuals, communities, and even nations as a whole.

Whether due to lack of basic necessities such as fresh water, food, proper nutrition or health services, or a combination of many factors, being poor affects every aspect of an individual’s life.

In many developing countries, rural communities face a gross lack of basic needs and resources. Poverty is kept in place through the marginalisation and exploitation of the poor by those wielding power and wealth. Poverty is an over-arching concept, which incorporates other related concepts, such as: Lack of access to education.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, almost 80% of women do not have access to formal education, while only 50% of men are uneducated.


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Lack Of Food And Water

It is estimated that poverty exists in rural areas of Africa due to lack of food and water. A lack of food and water in these regions causes people to work less and earn less a living, and also makes it more likely to be sick.

It was found out that in rural areas there is a very high amount of people suffering from poverty. Poverty is a form of social condition where individuals experience a lack of food and water. This is due to an income which does not provide enough money to 60% of the population. In some countries up to 90% suffer from poverty. 

Causes of poverty in rural areas are important to know so that we can control them.


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Lack Of Government Support

Rural poverty is the lack of access to opportunities to meet basic human needs, due to the remoteness of or lack of development in rural areas. Among its causes include a lack of support from the government and poor infrastructure.

In developed countries, the risk of poverty after retirement is largely due to the household’s previous income and financial wealth and other social factors.

Many individuals cannot save enough money to guarantee their old age. In developing countries, however, poverty can also be caused by a lack of government support for various social programs (e.g., pension schemes, universal health care, etc.), which can make it difficult for some people to rise above the poverty line as they get older.


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Inequality

Some countries or communities are very rich. They have a lot of money, nice houses, and all the food they need. Others are very poor. They have little food, clothing, and money.

Poverty in rural areas is caused by inequalities in access to natural resources and services, such as land (e.g., fertile land for agriculture), infrastructure, water and sanitation, healthcare, and education

Between 2004 and 2009, poverty increased anywhere from 1 to 5 percentage points in rural areas of the United States. In the West, it rose 3 percentage points, or nearly half a million people, in California alone.

That shift was caused by several factors, principally the high cost of housing. But rural policies also played a role: The study authors note that eligibility rules could be changed to help more families receive federal income assistance.

In order to save our planet for future generations we need to reduce the causes of poverty in rural areas.


Poverty In Rural Areas Caused By Lack Of Education

Education is the key to ending poverty, but for many families around the world, it remains elusive. For the millions of families in rural areas who never attend school and grow up without proper knowledge about how to read, carry out simple math procedures, or acquire basic skills, their economic future remains bleak.

These uneducated adults remain trapped in a cycle of poverty. They are unable to make informed choices about crops they should plant or when to sell their goods at market.

Education is the bedrock of any society. Without it, people are ignorant to proper sanitation practices and tend to rely on ancient and unsound approaches to dealing with health issues that spread like wildfire through communities when left unchecked.

Water borne disease is rampant in poor areas where hand washing after toilet use is impossible or impractical. Self confidence plummets as you see your fellow students come and go who went without food only to return home and be hungry again, who had chipping teeth while they struggled academically in school.

Lacking fundamentals like toothbrushes, soap, deodorant, and shampoo are faced by the poorest of populations because they can not afford these types of items or the space in their homes to store them. Even though we may think poverty is in some far away land, nearly 1/3 of the world’s population live on less than $2 day because of a lack of education.

They don’t understand logically that if you wash your hands with soap, clean drinking water could prevent gastrointestinal distress from an infected water source or from being bitten by a rat flea that you have stored and drank from.

Causes Of Poverty In Rural Areas

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